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据说,有这13个特征的人都是聪明人!

2018-03-02 19:37双语阅读 浏览:

人前谁也不好意思承认自己聪明。说我聪明?哪里,不过是擅长应试罢了。但是人后就没必要虚头巴脑了。如果你不确定自己的智力水平,这里提供了13项聪明人的特征,来看看自己可以满足其中几项? [http://bbs.enbus.cn 英语论坛]

据说,有这13个特征的人都是聪明人!
_最新英语新闻

[http://bbs.enbus.cn 英语论坛]

1. You’re not easily distracted

不会轻易分心

Frank Zhu says "people who can focus for long stretches at a time and tune out distractions" are highly intelligent. As evidence, he points to a 2013 paper published in the journal Current Biology.

弗兰克.朱说,智商高的人“有更强的专注力,不会轻易分心他顾。”他的证据是2013年发表在《当代生物学》杂志上的一篇论文。

The paper describes two small studies that found people with higher scores on an IQ test were slower to recognize large background movements in an image. That’s likely because they focus on the most important information and filter out the rest.

那篇论文介绍了两项小型研究,发现智商测试得分较高的人在识别较大的背景物移动行为时,速度反而较一般人慢。这很可能是因为他们习惯于把注意力放在最重要的信息上,并把其余部分过滤掉。

2. You’re a night owl

夜猫子

The smarter you are, the more you’re inclined to stay up into the wee hours of the morning, according to research.

研究发现,一个人越聪明,就越倾向于将睡眠时间推迟到凌晨之后。

One study, published in 2009 in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, looked at the link between childhood IQ and sleep habits among thousands of young adults. Sure enough, smarter individuals said they stayed up later and woke up later on both weekdays and weekends.

2009年发表在《个性与个体差异》杂志上的一项研究分析探讨了数千名青年的童年智商和睡眠习惯之间的联系。果然,无论平日还是周末,聪明的人都是晚睡晚起。

3. You’re highly adaptable

适应能力很强

Several Quora users noted that intelligent people are flexible and able to thrive in different settings. As Donna F Hammett writes, intelligent people adapt by "showing what can be done regardless of the complications or restrictions placed upon them".

几位Quora用户指出,聪明的人更具灵活性,能够在不同的环境中茁壮成长。正如多娜.F.汉密特所写的那样,聪明的人能适应形势:“不管情况多么复杂,有什么限制条件,都可以有一番作为”。

Recent psychological research supports this idea. Intelligence depends on being able to change your own behaviors in order to cope more effectively with your environment, or make changes to the environment you’re in.

这一观点得到了最新的心理研究的支持。智商高不高,取决于你能否为了更有效地融入环境而改变自己的行为,或改变自身所处的环境。

4. You understand how much you don’t know

了解自己的不足

The smartest folks are able to admit when they aren’t familiar with a particular concept. As Jim Winer writes, intelligent people "are not afraid to say: ’I don’t know.’ If they don’t know it, they can learn it".

最聪明的人能承认自己不熟悉某一概念。正如吉姆.维纳所写,聪明人“并不畏惧说‘我不懂’。如果他们不知道,他们可以学习”。

Winer’s observation is backed up by a classic study by Justin Kruger and David Dunning, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, which found that the less intelligent you are, the more you overestimate your cognitive abilities.

维纳观察到的这一点得到了贾斯汀.克鲁格和大卫.邓宁在《人格与社会心理学杂志》上发表的一篇经典论文的支持,该论文指出,智力水平越低的人,越会高估自己的认知能力。

In one experiment, for example, students who’d scored in the lowest quartile on a test adapted from the LSAT overestimated the number of questions they’d gotten right by nearly 50 percent. Meanwhile, those who’d scored in the top quartile slightly underestimated how many questions they’d gotten right.

例如,在一个实验中,学生参加了从法学院入学考试题改编而成的测试,成绩最差的学生把自己答对的题数高估了50%。与此同时,那些成绩最好的人略微低估了自己答对的题数。

5. You have insatiable curiosity

永无止境的求知欲

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