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2011年12月英语四级快速阅读预测题(1)

2017-11-07 09:49四六级 浏览:


  The Power of Personal Attitudes

  Each of us is made up of various physical, vital, and mental parts. There is our physical body and its organs, muscles, etc; the vital being with its sensations, emotions and feelings, and the mental part with its thoughts, memories, reasoning power, beliefs, etc. Somewhere between our emotions and our thought processing lie our attitudes -- our emotional perceptions about life, about others, even towards our own selves. Attitudes generally express positively and negatively. E.g. when I have good feelings towards my work or towards others, the attitude is positive. When I feel reluctant to do certain things that are necessary, or show hostility towards certain individuals, then my attitude is negative.

  Attitudes About Ourselves, Others, Life

  Though we have many attitudes about all aspects of life, if we look a little closer we can identify three basic types—those that have to do with ourselves, those we have about others and the objects around us, and those we have towards life itself. An example of a negative attitude about ourselves is having low self-esteem, or low self-confidence. An example of a wanting attitudes about others is a feeling ill will towards another person, or being mistrustful of others. An example of a negative attitude towards life is being pessimistic that things will never turn out well. The good news however is that if we change any negative attitude to the positive, life tends to quickly respond. Consider this true story, where a person changed her attitude about certain people: [http://bbs.enbus.cn 英语论坛]

  A woman was working as a temporary employee for a large medical organization. For months, she complained about certain coworkers at her job. At the time, she had decided to develop a 30-day plan to secure a full-time position. One part of her plan was to change her attitude toward these particular individuals. In the days that followed, she persisted in following her plan, especially focusing on her wanting attitude toward others. She was shocked however when a month into her plan, she was suddenly asked to work for the organization full time -- her first non-temporary job in nearly a decade!

  That is the power of changing a negative attitude toward others.

  Negative Expressions Attracts Negative Response

  So far we have indicated that changing a negative attitude can attract sudden instances of good fortune. Inversely, if we take to a negative attitude, we can attract instances of bad fortune. For example, if we speak negatively about another person, it is likely that problematic circumstances will arise.

  A man “A” met a fellow instructor “B” before a class he was to perform that day. One of the things they discussed were problems they had experienced in earlier classes. In particular, A kept talking about how the students at a certain client were particularly difficult to work with. He persisted in expressing his feelings. Though that instructor rarely had problems with his students, later on that day, as well as in the next two classes, he had a series of difficulties with his students!

  As we see, when we express negative sentiment in life—whether it is ill will towards certain individuals or complaining about situations—we tend to elicit ill fortune. The best approach then is to avoid all negative expressions or complaining about others. In our moment-to-moment activities, we need to be mindful of our thoughts and feelings, and catch any negative expression—whether it us a flawed attitudes, a limited opinions, or a hasty, reflexive reaction. This is indeed serious business, because such expressions can literally destroy a work.

  The Power of an Overall Positive Attitude

  In addition to having the right attitudes towards others and life around us, it is always best to have an overall positive attitude. Here’s another real-life incident to show you what I mean:

  A management consultant was hoping to have a key meeting with the principle officers of a company with over $100 billion in assets. For days, he fretted about the deal as the potential client failed to contact him. He developed greater and greater doubts that the meeting would ever take place. Finally, he remembered that it was important to have a positive attitude in these situations. He decided to change his attitude about the potential meeting from worry and concern to being positive. A very short time later, he was contacted by the client that the meeting could in fact take place. He was thrilled. In addition, years of high-level consulting work followed with the client!

  That is the power of having a generally positive attitude.

  “I have a meeting with G, an important audio salesperson. We work through a system to get him committed and productive. We discuss the fact that he must commit. During the meeting, I am conscious of my attitude that is negative about our chances of success. I struggle to reverse them. We are then interrupted as the store is then filled with customers, and a good one for that salesperson to boot!”

  An overall positive attitude has the power to attract sudden good fortune from the world around us. We have also seen that when difficult circumstances come in your way, and you do not get overwrought by them, maintaining a positive calm attitude, life can suddenly reverse and cancel the problem or otherwise bring sudden instances of good fortune.

  1. The main purpose of this article is to introduce the main parts of our physical body.

  2. Our attitudes are our emotional perceptions about life and about others.

  3. One’s low self-esteem shows a negative attitude about himself.

  4. Even if we change any negative attitude to the positive, life will not change at all.

  5. The story of the woman who finds a job by changing her attitude towards others shows us the power of changing a positive attitude toward others.

  6. If we speak positively about another person, good things will happen.

  7. The story about the man "A" and the man "B" shows us if we speak negatively about another person, it is likely that problematic circumstances will arise.

  8. When we express negative sentiment in life, the best approach is to avoid _________ about others.

  9. Besides having the right attitudes towards others and life around us, we should _________.

  10. When difficult circumstances come in your way, __________ can help you to reverse life and cancel the problem.



答案解析
  1. N. 根据题干中的信息词main purpose及our physical body定位到全文的第一段,结合文章标题可知本文的主旨是讲述个人态度的力量,而不是我们身体的生理构成。


  2. Y. 根据题干中的信息词emotional perceptions定位到第一段的第三句话,可知题干表述与原文相符。

  3. Y. 根据题干中的信息词low self-esteem 定位到第一个小标题下的第二句话,可知题干表述与原文相符。

  4. N. 根据题干中的信息词change any negative attitude to the positive定位到第一个小标题下第一段的倒数第二句话,可知题干表述与原文相反。

  5. N. 根据题干中的信息词story of the woman who finds a fob by changing her attitude定位到第一个小标题下的第二段和第三段第一句话,可知题干表述与原文相反。

  6. NG. 根据题干中的信息词speak positively about another person定位到第二个小标题下第一段的最后一句话,可知原文仅提到如果我们说别人坏话,可能会有问题产生,而并没有提到说别人好话是否会有好事发生。

  7. Y. 根据题干中的信息词speak negatively about another person定位到第二个小标题下第一段的最后一句话,结合第二段,可知题干表述与原文相符。

  8. all negative expressions or complaining。根据题干中的信息词express negative sentiment in life定位到第二个小标题下的第三段前两句话可得答案。

  9. have a overall positive attitude。根据题干中的信息词right attitudes towards others and life around us定位到第三个小标题下的第一句话可得答案。

  10. a positive calm attitude。根据题干中的信息词difficult circumstances come in your way定位到文章的最后一句话可得答案。

 


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