网站首页 | 关于我们 | 英语论坛 | 国际合作 | 设为首页 | 收藏本站 热点资讯: 简单的祈使句学习 英语语法的最佳学习方法
热搜: 英语  端午节  影视  非洲
当前位置: 主页 > 英语课程 > 英语能力 > 学习方法 > >

牢记单词的四种方法

2017-09-23 21:20学习方法 浏览:

   人们通常认为掌握一门外语要过三关(语音关、词汇关、语法关),斩五将(听、说、读、写、译),相对来说,掌握英语单词是最难过的一关。英语的词汇量大,总词汇量至少在60万以上,实用词汇量为8千至1万,基本词汇量为4千,核心单词为一至两千。怎样牢记掌握英语单词呢?我用四种方法记:

    1. 按构词规律记。如happy 这个词,词根加前缀un成了unhappy,词根加后缀ness成了名词happiness,比较级是happier,最高级是happiest。

    2. 用趣味联想记。如:

family,father, mother, I love you家是父亲母亲我爱你

    bridegroom, bride goes to the room to see her husband 新郎是新娘到房间去看丈夫

    Wednesday, wed, nest, day星期三是小鸟结婚筑窝的那一天

    heroine=The first two letters stand for a man, the first three  for a woman, the first four for a brave man, and the whole for a brave woman.

    umbrella(因没)伞,俺们不来了

    eye一双眼睛中间有一个鼻子

    3. 集中分类记。如:

    按词义分类记,把单词按政治、经济、汉语、数学、英语、历史、地理、物理、化学等分类记。英语又分时间、地点、人物、动物、衣食住行等。

    按音素记,如u:,有rule 统治,two,  you, do,hoe, room, blue, who, whose, spoon调羹, school, afternoon, mood, root, true, tool, rude, ruler, June, useful, union, computer, excuse, huge, introduce, music, pupil, human等。

    4. 在使用中记。这是我年过古稀还能牢记成千上万单词的“秘诀”。记单词是为了使用单词,只有使用才能记住单词。记忆单词的最好方法是使用。读书是使用,听广播是使用。翻译也是使用,并且随时随地都可以翻译。

    我把我的学生名字翻译成英文:

刘笑龙Laughing Dragon

刘小燕Little Swallow

张红Red Bow

吴凤华Beautiful Phoenix

周婷婷Slender and graceful

高华丽Tall Beauty

田蜜Honey (or Field)

项玉姬Jade Necklace

刘梦哲Dreamer (or Philosopher)

孙永霞Rosy Clouds (or Morning Glow)

    翻译一个名字平均学到两个英语单词,翻译一百个名字学到两百个单词。

    乘车时我把各个站名翻译成英文:

    乘618路从月坛到回龙观要经过33个站:

1 月坛 Moon Temple

2 阜成门南 South Gate where products abound and people live in plenty.

3 阜成门北 North Gate where products abound and people live in plenty.

4 西直门 West Straight Gate

5 北京北站 Beijing North Station

6 新街口豁口 New Street Pass

7 小西天 Small West Heaven

8 师范大学 Teachers’ University (College)

9 铁狮子坟Iron Lion Tomb

10 北太平庄 North Peaceful Village 

    翻译一个站名平均学到两个英语单词,翻译一百个站名学到两百个英语单词。

    我还翻译或创作了一些歌、诗和故事。请读一段我写的故事:

    A Clever Foreigner and a Clever Driver

    A foreigner, both a gourmand and gourmet, came to China for the first time. Having heard that Beijing Roast Duck is very famous, he decided to go to the Beijing Roast Duck Restaurant. He waved a taxi down and said to the driver, “Could you take me to the Beijing Roast Duck Restaurant?” He couldn’t speak Chinese well, and the driver didn’t understand English well either. But the foreigner was very clever. He stretched his arms and moved both arms up and down, down and up.

    The driver was very clever too. He said in his poor English, “I see. Follow me. No problem.”

    On the way, the foreigner was very glad. He closed his eyes, imagining a big, fresh and fragrant roast duck, with his mouth filled with water.

The driver was glad too. He murmured to himself, “It is far away from here. I can get a big sum of money.”

    About one hour later, the driver smiled and said, “Here we are. Wake up, please!”

The foreigner woke up and was very confused when seeing a board with such words: Beijing International Airport.

    Thirsty, hungry and angry, he quarreled with the driver. But both the clever men didn’t understand each other.

 

    聪明的老外和聪明的司机

同济大学外事办公室公众号

欢迎扫描二维码关注同济大学外事办公室公众号!

(编辑:admin)

相关阅读
网友评论
热门标签